Calcium Fluoride (CaF2)
Calcium Fluoride has widespread IR application as spectroscopic CaF2 windows, CaF2 prisms and CaF2 lenses. Especially pure grades of Calcium Fluoride (CaF2) find useful application in the UV and as UV Excimer laser windows. Calcium Fluoride (CaF2) is available doped with Europium as a gamma-ray scintillator.
|Transmission Range :||0.13 to 10 μm (Note: IR grade will have restricted performance outside IR range)|
|Refractive Index :||1.39908 at 5 μm (1) (2)|
|Reflection Loss :||5.4% at 5 μm|
|Absorption Coefficient :||7.8 x 10-4 cm-1 @ 2.7 μm|
|Reststrahlen Peak :||35 μm|
|dn/dT :||-10.6 x 10-6/°C (3)|
|dn/dμ = 0 :||1.7 μm|
|Density :||3.18 g/cc|
|Melting Point :||1360°C|
|Thermal Conductivity :||9.71 W m-1 K-1 (4)|
|Thermal Expansion :||18.85 x 10-6/°C (5)(6)|
|Hardness :||Knoop 158.3 (100) with 500g indenter|
|Specific Heat Capacity :||854 J Kg-1 K-1|
|Dielectric Constant :||6.76 at 1MHz (7)|
|Youngs Modulus (E) :||75.8 GPa (7)|
|Shear Modulus (G) :||33.77 GPa (7)|
|Bulk Modulus (K) :||82.71 GPa (7)|
|Elastic Coefficients :||C11 = 164 C12 = 53 C44 = 33.7 (7)|
|Apparent Elastic Limit :||36.54 MPa|
|Poisson Ratio :||0.26|
|Solubility :||0.0017g/100g water at 20°C|
|Molecular Weight :||78.08|
|Class/Structure :||Cubic Fm3m (#225) Fluorite Structure. Cleaves on (111)|
Crystal for infrared use is often grown using naturally mined fluorite to reduce costs. It will not have the best transmission in the UV or VUV and can have absorption bands at 300nm due to impurities.
To download this data as a pdf file, or our MSDS safety data sheet, please click on the links at the top of the page. To expand the transmission graphs, please click on the image.
Calcium fluoride (CaF2or fluorite) is grown by vacuum Stockbarger technique in diameters of up to about 250mm.
Crystal for infrared use is often grown using naturally mined fluorite to reduce costs. It will not have the best transmission in the UV and VUV and can have absorption bands at 300nm due to impurities.
For UV and VUV applications chemically prepared raw material is generally used. For Excimer applications, we use only the highest grade of specially selected material and crystal.
(1) Handbook Optical Constants, ed Palik, V2, ISBN 0-12-544422-2
(2) Dressler et al., Cryst.Res.Technol. V27, p413, 1992
(3) I.H.Malitson; J.Opt.Soc.Am. Vol52, p1377, 1962
(4) Ballard et al; Rev. Sci. Instr., V21, p905, 1950
(5) Batchelder & Simmons, J.Chem. Phys. V41, p2324 N8 1964
(6) Schumann & Neumann, Crys. Res. Tech V19, 1984
(7) Dickinson, IR laser windows, AFCRL-TR-0318, Air Force, Cambridge 1975