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Lithium Fluoride (LiF)

♦ Lithium Fluoride (LiF) Data Sheet     ♦ Lithium Fluoride (LiF) MSDS

Lithium fluoride is the material with the most extreme UV transmission of all and is used for special UV optics. Lithium fluoride transmits well into the VUV region at the hydrogen Lyman-alpha line (121nm) and beyond. Lithium fluoride is also used for X-ray monochromator plates where its lattice spacing makes it the most useful analysis crystal.

Transmission Range :0.12 to 6 μm
Refractive Index :1.392 at 0.6 μm (1)
Reflection Loss :5.2% at 0.6 μm (2 Surfaces)
Absorption Coefficient :5.9 x 10-3 cm-1 at 4.3 μm @ 300K (5)
Reststrahlen Peak :25 μm
dn/dT :-16 x 10-6 at 1.15 μm
dn/dμ = 0 :1.3 μm
Density :2.639 g/cc
Melting Point :848 °C (6)
Thermal Conductivity :4.01 W m-1 K-1 at 314 K (2)
Thermal Expansion :37 x 10-6 K-1 at 283 K (2)
Hardness :Knoop 102 with 600g indenter (2)
Specific Heat Capacity :1562 J Kg-1 K-1
Dielectric Constant :0.1
Youngs Modulus (E) :64.97 GPa (2)
Shear Modulus (G) :55.14 GPa (2)
Bulk Modulus (K) :62.03 GPa (2)
Elastic Coefficients :C11=112; C12=46; C44=63.5 (3)
Apparent Elastic Limit :11.2 MPa (1620 psi) (4)
Poisson Ratio :0.326 (calculated)
Solubility :0.27g / 100g water at 20 °C
Molecular Weight :25.94
Class/Structure :Cubic FCC, NaCl, Fm3m, (100) cleavage

To download this data or our MSDS safety data sheet as a pdf, please click on the links at the top of the page.  To expand the transmission graphs, please click on the image.

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µm   Noµm   Noµm   No
0.106   1.91300.108   1.83300.110   1.7770
0.121   1.62400.130   1.56900.140   1.5300
0.150   1.50300.160   1.48400.170   1.4690
0.180   1.48500.190   1.44550.200   1.4391
0.220   1.42910.250   1.41890.260   1.4164
0.270   1.41410.280   1.41210.290   1.4103
0.300   1.40870.310   1.40730.320   1.4060
0.330   1.40480.340   1.40370.350   1.4028
0.360   1.40190.400   1.39890.500   1.3943
0.600   1.39180.700   1.39020.800   1.3890
0.900   1.38801.000   1.38711.500   1.3832
2.000   1.37882.500   1.373273.000   1.3666
3.500   1.35874.000   1.34944.500   1.3388
5.000   1.32665.100   1.32405.200   1.3213
5.300   1.31865.400   1.31585.500   1.3129
5.600   1.30995.700   1.30695.800   1.3038
5.900   1.30076.000   1.2975

Lithium Fluoride is grown by vacuum Stockbarger technique in ingots approximately 100mm diameter. Lithium Fluoride cleaves easily and must be worked with extreme care. Polishing, particularly steep radii, often causes surface "rip-out".

REFERENCES:
(1) Laporte et. al. J.Opt. Soc. Am. V73, No 8, p1062
(2) Combes et. al. J.Opt. Soc. Am. V41, p215. 1951
(3) Huntingdon, Phys Review. V72, p321, 1947
(4) Ballard et. al. J.Opt. Soc. Am. V42, p684. 1952
(5) H.H.Li, Absorption Coefficients, Int.J.Therm, V1, No. I, 1980
(6) T.B.Douglas & J.L.Dever, J. Am. Chem.Soc, 1954,76 (19), p4826